Background Foreign Policy International Diplomacy / NATO

A Bit of Background: International Diplomacy/NATO

Presidential Candidate Trump campaigned on a promise to dismantle treaties and diplomatic agreements around the world. As president, Donald Trump’s rhetoric shows that he is ready to keep those promises. Still, with uncertainty in the White House, it is difficult to determine what President Trump’s foreign policy and diplomatic relations will look like. Here are some of the diplomatic shifts that may be coming.

NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization formed in 1949 as a trans-Atlantic collective defense organization to counter the growing power of the Soviet Union. Twenty-eight countries are now a part of the alliance and rely heavily on the United States’ military power. In spite of the fact that Russian power is again growing, Donald Trump is threatening that the U.S. may not help NATO allies if they do not increase their monetary contribution to the organization. The seriousness of Trump’s threat is still unknown, though NATO allies have voiced concern.

The Iran Nuclear Deal, which President Obama finalized in 2015 along with the UN Security Council and Germany (P5+1), has been a particular target for President Trump as well as congressional Republicans. In the terms of the deal, Iran agreed to cut its stockpile of Uranium by 98% and reduce future enrichment, reduce the number of centrifuges, and allow in U.N. inspectors in return for the U.S. and U.N. dropping sanctions and providing some monetary assistance. Though the U.S. has not pulled out of the deal, Mr. Trump has put Iran “On Notice”, for recent missile tests, though it is unclear what that means.